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Updated Wave 4 of the 2014-2018 British Election Study Internet Panel

  • March 2015 - March 2015
  • N = 31,323
  • Mode: Online survey

An updated full sample version of the March 2015 wave of the 2014-2018 British Election Study Internet Panel. Version 1.0.

Fieldhouse, E., J. Green., G. Evans., H. Schmitt, C. van der Eijk, J. Mellon and C. Prosser (2015) British Election Study Internet Panel Wave 4. DOI: 10.15127/1.293723
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List of variables

  • Age completed formal education
  • Age group
  • And do you think this is a good thing, a bad thing, or haven't you thought about
  • Another independence referendum within 10 years
  • Approve: UK government
  • Are you a member of a trade union?
  • Are you an employee or self-employed/an independent contractor?
  • As far as you know, is your name on the electoral register
  • Attention to Politics
  • Best party on most important issue
  • British identity scale
  • Cares for pre-school age children
  • Cares for school age children
  • Cares for sick, disabled or elderly adults
  • Censorship of films and magazines is necessary to uphold moral standards
  • Certainty about Conservatives' position on EU
  • Certainty about Conservatives' position on redistribution
  • Certainty about Green's position on EU
  • Certainty about Green's position on redistribution
  • Certainty about Labour's position on EU
  • Certainty about Labour's position on redistribution
  • Certainty about Liberal Democrats' position on EU
  • Certainty about Liberal Democrats' position on redistribution
  • Certainty about own position on EU
  • Certainty about own position on redistribution
  • Certainty about UKIP's position on EU
  • Certainty about UKIP's position on redistribution
  • Certainty of vote intention in general election
  • Coalition governments are more effective than single party governments
  • Coalition governments are more in tune with the public
  • Conservative priorities: Cost of living
  • Conservative priorities: Crime
  • Conservative priorities: Immigration
  • Conservative priorities: National Security
  • Conservative priorities: NHS
  • Conservative priorities: None of these
  • Conservative priorities: Schools
  • Conservative priorities: The economy
  • Conservatives contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Conservatives emotions: Afraid
  • Conservatives emotions: Angry
  • Conservatives emotions: Hopeful
  • Conservatives emotions: None of these
  • Conservatives emotions: Proud
  • Conservatives united or divided
  • Constituency vote intention
  • Cost of Living getting higher or lower
  • Country
  • Country of birth
  • Crime levels getting higher or lower
  • Daily newspaper readership
  • Days discussed politics with person 1
  • Days discussed politics with person 2
  • Days discussed politics with person 3
  • Days R discusses politics
  • Decided on General Election vote
  • Deficit reduction necessary/unnecessary
  • Did you supervise or were you responsible for the work of any other people?
  • Differences in incomes between rich and poor larger or smaller
  • Do you ever think of yourself as belonging to any particular class?
  • Do you own or rent the home in which you live?
  • Do you supervise or are you responsible for the work of any other people?
  • Do you think that the amount of money families on welfare receive is too high or
  • Do you use Facebook?
  • Do you use Twitter?
  • Does England get fair share from Union?
  • Does person 1 care whether R votes?
  • Does person 2 care whether R votes?
  • Does person 3 care whether R votes?
  • Does Scotland get fair share from Union?
  • Does the Conservative candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does the Labour candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does the Liberal Democrat candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does the UKIP candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does Wales get fair share from Union?
  • Economic growth/Protecting the environment scale
  • Economic optimism indicator: good time to buy
  • Economy doing better or worse
  • Education doing better or worse
  • English identity scale
  • Equal opportunities for ethnic minorities gone too far | not far enough
  • Equal opportunities for women gone too far |not far enough
  • Equal opportunities to gays and lesbians gone too far | not far enough
  • Ethnic minorities: gap between life expectations and outcomes
  • Ethnic minorities: MP would help if asked
  • Ethnic minorities: MP would help if same ethnicity
  • Ethnic minorities: non-white people discriminated against
  • Ethnicity
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): self
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): SNP
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): UKIP
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): self
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): SNP
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): UKIP
  • Facebook political info: Candidates or parties
  • Facebook political info: Candidates or parties
  • Facebook political info: Someone you know personally
  • Financial literacy: Inflation 2% and savings interest 1%
  • Financial literacy: riskier investment
  • Financial literacy: £100 at 2% interest after 5 years
  • For some crimes, the death penalty is the most appropriate sentence
  • full weight
  • Gender
  • General economic retrospective evaluation: country
  • General Election vote 2005
  • General Election vote 2010
  • General election vote intention (recalled vote in post-election waves)
  • General election vote intention (squeezed)
  • General election vote intention (unsqueezed)
  • Generally speaking, how willing are you to take risks?
  • Going to vote is a lot of effort
  • Gone too far: cuts to local services in my area
  • Gone too far: cuts to NHS spending
  • Gone too far: cuts to public spending
  • Gone too far: measures to protect environment
  • Gone too far: private companies running public services
  • Government Office Region
  • Green Party contacted by email
  • Green Party contacted by letter/leaflet
  • Green Party contacted by SMS
  • Green Party contacted by telephone
  • Green Party contacted in other ways
  • Green Party contacted in street
  • Green Party Contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Green Party emotions: Afraid
  • Green Party emotions: Angry
  • Green Party emotions: Hopeful
  • Green Party emotions: None of these
  • Green Party emotions: Proud
  • Green Party united or divided
  • Green Party visited home
  • Handle most important issue: Conservatives
  • Handle most important issue: Green Party
  • Handle most important issue: Labour
  • Handle most important issue: Liberal Democrat
  • Handle most important issue: UKIP
  • Have any of the political parties contacted you during the past four weeks?
  • Have you *ever* been a member of a trade union?
  • Have you contacted your MP, or not, since the last General Election?
  • Have you worked in a paid job in the past?
  • Highest Qualification
  • Household size
  • Household size - number of children
  • How likely that vote makes difference in constituency
  • How likely to win in constituency: Conservatives
  • How likely to win in constituency: Greens
  • How likely to win in constituency: Labour
  • How likely to win in constituency: Liberal Democrats
  • How likely to win in constituency: Plaid Cymru
  • How likely to win in constituency: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • How likely to win in constituency: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • How many people work for your employer at the place where you work?
  • How many people worked for your employer at the place where you worked most rece
  • How successful do you think the government in Britain is nowadays in dealing wit
  • How well government handling costs of living
  • How well government handling crime
  • How well government handling economy
  • How well government handling education
  • How well government handling immigration
  • How well government handling NHS
  • How well Labour would handle cost of living
  • How well Labour would handle crime
  • How well Labour would handle education
  • How well labour would handle immigration
  • How well Labour would handle the economy
  • How well Labour would handle the NHS
  • I am interested in what other people think about this party.
  • I have a lot in common with other supporters of this party.
  • If this party does badly in opinion polls, my day is ruined
  • Immigrants are a burden on the welfare state
  • Immigration bad or good for economy
  • Immigration enriches or undermines cultural life
  • Immigration level increase/decrease
  • Immigration levels getting higher or lower
  • In business, bonuses are a fair way to reward hard work
  • Income - gross household
  • Income - gross personal
  • Independence referendum vote intention
  • Interest in General Election
  • Interview Start Time
  • Is $registeredOther the postcode of your current address?
  • It doesn't matter which political party is in power
  • It is difficult to understand what happens in gov and politics
  • It is every citizen's duty to vote in an election
  • It is more difficult to know who to blame when parties govern in coalition
  • It takes too much time and effort to be active in politics
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Green Party
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Liberal Democrats
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Plaid Cymru
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Join coalition with Labour: Green Party
  • Join coalition with Labour: Liberal Democrats
  • Join coalition with Labour: Plaid Cymru
  • Join coalition with Labour: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Join coalition with Labour: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Keep submarines with nuclear weapons
  • Knows Angela Merkel's job
  • Knows Bashar al-Assad's job
  • Knows Benjamin Netanyahu's job
  • Knows Ed Miliband's job
  • Knows Francois Hollande's job
  • Knows George Obsborne's job
  • Knows John Bercow's job
  • Knows John Kerry's job
  • Knows Nick Clegg's job
  • Knows Theresa May's job
  • Knows Vladmir Putin's job
  • Labour contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Labour emotions: Afraid
  • Labour emotions: Angry
  • Labour emotions: Hopeful
  • Labour emotions: None of these
  • Labour emotions: Proud
  • Labour priorities: Cost of living
  • Labour priorities: Crime
  • Labour priorities: Immigration
  • Labour priorities: National Security
  • Labour priorities: NHS
  • Labour priorities: None of these
  • Labour priorities: Schools
  • Labour priorities: The economy
  • Labour united or divided
  • Left-right value: Big business takes advantage of ordinary people
  • Left-right value: Government should redistribute incomes
  • Left-right value: Management will always try to get the better of employees
  • Left-right value: Ordinary working people do not get their fair share
  • Left-right value: There is one law for the rich and one for the poor
  • Left/right position: Conservative
  • Left/right position: Greens
  • Left/right position: Labour
  • Left/right position: Lib Dems
  • Left/right position: Plaid Cymru
  • Left/right position: Self
  • Left/right position: SNP
  • Left/right position: UKIP
  • Lib Dems contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Cost of living
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Crime
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Immigration
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: National Security
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: NHS
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: None of these
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Schools
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: The economy
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Afraid
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Angry
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Hopeful
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: None of these
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Proud
  • Liberal Democrats united or divided
  • Like/dislike: Bennett
  • Like/dislike: British National Party (BNP)
  • Like/dislike: Cameron
  • Like/dislike: Clegg
  • Like/dislike: Conservatives
  • Like/dislike: Farage
  • Like/dislike: Green Party
  • Like/dislike: Labour
  • Like/dislike: Liberal Democrats
  • Like/dislike: Miliband
  • Like/dislike: Plaid Cymru
  • Like/dislike: Scottish National Party
  • Like/dislike: Sturgeon
  • Like/dislike: United Kingdom Independence Party
  • Like/dislike: Wood
  • Likelihood to vote in general election
  • Likely to win majority: Conservatives
  • Likely to win majority: Labour
  • Most important issue category (auto-coded)
  • Most people I know usually vote in general elections
  • MP focused on national issues or constituency
  • MP has local roots or is an outsider
  • MP Independent-minded or party loyalist
  • MPs look after Constituency interests
  • National security scale: Conservatives
  • National security scale: Green Party
  • National security scale: Labour
  • National security scale: Liberal Democrats
  • National security scale: Self placement
  • National security scale: UKIP
  • National security spending
  • Never went to private school
  • NHS doing better or worse
  • No caring responsibilities
  • No chance at coalition: All parties have a chance
  • No chance at coalition: Conservatives
  • No chance at coalition: Green Party
  • No chance at coalition: Labour
  • No chance at coalition: Liberal Democrats
  • No chance at coalition: Plaid Cymru
  • No chance at coalition: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • No chance at coalition: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • None of these parties contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Not at all important | Very important
  • NS-SEC social class analytic categories
  • Other party contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Other than on Twitter and Facebook, have you visited the website of a candidate
  • Parties cannot deliver on their promises when they govern in coalition
  • Party ID if no party to first ID question
  • Party identification
  • People should vote for the party they like the most, even if it's not likely to
  • People who break the law should be given stiffer sentences
  • People who vote for small parties are throwing away their vote
  • Person 1 turnout
  • Person 1 vote choice
  • Person 2 turnout
  • Person 2 vote choice
  • Person 3 turnout
  • Person 3 vote choice
  • Personal economic retrospective evaluation: household
  • Plaid Cymru contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Afraid
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Angry
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Hopeful
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: None of these
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Proud
  • Plaid Cymru united or divided
  • Politicians don't care what people like me think
  • Politicians only care about people with money
  • Preferences for English powers | English votes on English laws
  • Preferred election outcome: Conservative led coalition
  • Preferred election outcome: Conservative majority
  • Preferred election outcome: Labour led coalition
  • Preferred election outcome: Labour majority
  • Preferred election outcome: Some other government
  • Preferred seats outcome: majority or proportional
  • Probability of voting for BNP
  • Probability of voting for Conservatives
  • Probability of voting for Green party
  • Probability of voting for Labour
  • Probability of voting for Liberal Democrats
  • Probability of voting for Plaid Cymru
  • Probability of voting for Scottish National Party
  • Probability of voting for UKIP
  • R lives at same address as person 1
  • R lives at same address as person 2
  • R lives at same address as person 3
  • Racial prejudice in Britain today
  • Reason not reg: Don't know
  • Reason not reg: I didn't know how to register
  • Reason not reg: I didn't want other people to know details
  • Reason not reg: I got left off by mistake
  • Reason not reg: I have recently moved
  • Reason not reg: I just couldn't be bothered
  • Reason not reg: I'm not entitled to vote
  • Reason not reg: I'm not interested in elections
  • Reason not reg: Never received the application form
  • Reason not reg: None of these reasons
  • Redistribution scale: Conservatives
  • Redistribution scale: Greens
  • Redistribution scale: Labour
  • Redistribution scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Redistribution scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Redistribution scale: Self
  • Redistribution scale: SNP
  • Redistribution scale: UKIP
  • Reduce deficit by taxation/spending cuts
  • Relationship with person 1
  • Relationship with person 2
  • Relationship with person 3
  • Religious affiliation
  • Religious denomination
  • Respondent filled in registration form, or someone else
  • Responsible for cost of living: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for cost of living: Don't know
  • Responsible for cost of living: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for cost of living: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for cost of living: None
  • Responsible for cost of living: Scottish government
  • Responsible for cost of living: Welsh government
  • Responsible for crime: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for crime: Don't know
  • Responsible for crime: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for crime: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for crime: None
  • Responsible for crime: Scottish government
  • Responsible for crime: Welsh government
  • Responsible for economy: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for economy: Don't know
  • Responsible for economy: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for economy: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for economy: None
  • Responsible for economy: Scottish government
  • Responsible for economy: Welsh government
  • Responsible for education: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for education: Don't know
  • Responsible for education: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for education: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for education: None
  • Responsible for education: Scottish government
  • Responsible for education: Welsh government
  • Responsible for GB debt: Conservatives in UK gov
  • Responsible for GB debt: don't know
  • Responsible for GB debt: EU
  • Responsible for GB debt: Global financial institutions
  • Responsible for GB debt: last Labour gov
  • Responsible for GB debt: Lib Dems in UK gov
  • Responsible for GB debt: None in list
  • Responsible for GB debt: Other
  • Responsible for GB debt: Trade Unions
  • Responsible for GB debt: UK banks
  • Responsible for immigration: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for immigration: Don't know
  • Responsible for immigration: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for immigration: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for immigration: None
  • Responsible for immigration: Scottish government
  • Responsible for immigration: Welsh government
  • Responsible for NHS: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for NHS: Don't know
  • Responsible for NHS: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for NHS: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for NHS: None
  • Responsible for NHS: Scottish government
  • Responsible for NHS: Welsh government
  • Risk of poverty: times when won't have enough money
  • Risk of unemployment
  • Satisfaction with English democracy
  • Satisfaction with EU democracy
  • Satisfaction with Scottish democracy
  • Satisfaction with the current system of registration
  • Satisfaction with UK democracy
  • Satisfaction with Welsh democracy
  • Schools should teach children to obey authority
  • Scotland Q only: Approve: Scottish government
  • Scotland Q only: Expectations about Scottish powers
  • Scotland Q only: Preferences for Scottish powers
  • Scotland Q only: Scottish identity scale
  • Scotland Q only: Vote intention for Scottish Parliament | constituency
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Defence
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: NHS
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Police
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Schools
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Tax
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Welfare benefits
  • Shared political content on another website/online platform
  • Shared political content on Facebook
  • Shared political content on Twitter
  • Shared political content through email
  • Shared political content through instant messaging
  • Signed up online to help a party or candidate
  • SNP contacted by email
  • SNP contacted by letter/leaflet
  • SNP contacted by SMS
  • SNP contacted by telephone
  • SNP contacted in other ways
  • SNP contacted in street
  • SNP contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • SNP emotions: Afraid
  • SNP emotions: Angry
  • SNP emotions: Hopeful
  • SNP emotions: None of these
  • SNP emotions: Proud
  • SNP visited home
  • Speaks Welsh?
  • Strength of party identification
  • Subject area currently studying in higher education
  • Subject area studied in higher education
  • Time follows politics in newspapers (including online)
  • Time follows politics on the internet (not including newspapers)
  • Time follows politics on the radio
  • Time follows politics on TV
  • Time follows politics talking to other people
  • Too many people these days like to rely on government handouts
  • Trust MPs in general
  • Trust own MP
  • Turnout in Scottish referendum (recalled) [top up respondents]
  • Twitter political info: Candidates or parties
  • Twitter political info: Other people (e.g. commentators, journalists etc)
  • Twitter political info: Someone you know personally
  • UKIP contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • UKIP emotions: Afraid
  • UKIP emotions: Angry
  • UKIP emotions: Hopeful
  • UKIP emotions: None of these
  • UKIP emotions: Proud
  • UKIP priorities: Cost of living
  • UKIP priorities: Crime
  • UKIP priorities: Immigration
  • UKIP priorities: National Security
  • UKIP priorities: NHS
  • UKIP priorities: None of these
  • UKIP priorities: Schools
  • UKIP priorities: The economy
  • UKIP united or divided
  • Understands the important political issues facing our country
  • Visited another party or candidate website
  • Visited Conservative party or candidate website
  • Visited Green party or candidate website
  • Visited Labour party or candidate website
  • Visited Liberal Democrat party or candidate website
  • Visited Plaid Cymru party or candidate website
  • Visited SNP party or candidate website
  • Visited UKIP party or candidate website
  • Vote in Scottish referendum (recalled) [top up respondents]
  • Vote intention in referendum on EU membership
  • Voting is an enjoyable experience
  • Wales Q only: Approve: Welsh government
  • Wales Q only: Preferences for Welsh powers
  • Wales Q only: Preferences for Welsh powers
  • Wales Q only: Vote intention for Welsh Assembly | constituency
  • Wales Q only: Welsh identity scale
  • Wales Q only: Which insitution should decide: Tax
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Defence
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Justice
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: NHS
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Police
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Schools
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Welfare
  • Went to private primary/middle school
  • Went to private secondary school
  • Were you an employee or self-employed/an independent contractor?
  • Were you satisfied, or not, with their response?
  • What is the party of your MP?
  • What is your marital status?
  • When I meet someone who supports this party, I feel connected with this person
  • When I speak about this party, I refer to them as "my party"
  • When I speak about this party, I usually say "we" instead of "they".
  • When people criticize this party, it feels like a personal insult.
  • When people praise this party, it makes me feel good
  • When someone is unemployed, it's usually through no fault of their own
  • Which party signed up online to help
  • Work type
  • Working status
  • Would cost of living be getting higher/lower under Labour
  • Would crime be getting higher/lower under Labour
  • Would economy be doing better/worse under Labour
  • Would immigration be geting higher/lower under Labour
  • Would NHS be doing better /worse under Labour
  • Would schools be doing better/worse under Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Conservative
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Don't know
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Green Party
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Liberal Democrat
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: None of these
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Plaid Cymru
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Conservative
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Don't know
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Green Party
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Labour
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Liberal Democrat
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: None of these
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Plaid Cymru
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Conservative
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Don't know
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Green Party
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Labour
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Liberal Democrat
  • Would try to reduce immigration: None of these
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Plaid Cymru
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would try to reduce immigration: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Conservative
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Don't know
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Green Party
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Labour
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Liberal Democrat
  • Would try to reduce inequality: None of these
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Plaid Cymru
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would try to reduce inequality: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would you say the difference in incomes is much larger or somewhat larger?
  • Would you say the difference in incomes is much smaller or somewhat smaller?
  • Young people today don't have enough respect for traditional British values