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Updated Wave 4 of the 2014-2018 British Election Study Internet Panel

  • March 2015 - March 2015
  • N = 31,323
  • Mode: Online survey

An updated full sample version of the March 2015 wave of the 2014-2018 British Election Study Internet Panel. Version 1.0.

Fieldhouse, E., J. Green., G. Evans., H. Schmitt, and C. van der Eijk (2015) British Election Study Internet Panel Wave 4. DOI: 10.15127/1.293723
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List of variables

  • Age completed formal education
  • Age group
  • And do you think this is a good thing, a bad thing, or haven't you thought about
  • Another independence referendum within 10 years
  • Approve: UK government
  • Are you a member of a trade union?
  • Are you an employee or self-employed/an independent contractor?
  • As far as you know, is your name on the electoral register
  • Attention to Politics
  • Best party on most important issue
  • British identity scale
  • Cares for pre-school age children
  • Cares for school age children
  • Cares for sick, disabled or elderly adults
  • Censorship of films and magazines is necessary to uphold moral standards
  • Certainty about Conservatives' position on EU
  • Certainty about Conservatives' position on redistribution
  • Certainty about Green's position on EU
  • Certainty about Green's position on redistribution
  • Certainty about Labour's position on EU
  • Certainty about Labour's position on redistribution
  • Certainty about Liberal Democrats' position on EU
  • Certainty about Liberal Democrats' position on redistribution
  • Certainty about own position on EU
  • Certainty about own position on redistribution
  • Certainty about UKIP's position on EU
  • Certainty about UKIP's position on redistribution
  • Certainty of vote intention in general election
  • Coalition governments are more effective than single party governments
  • Coalition governments are more in tune with the public
  • Conservative priorities: Cost of living
  • Conservative priorities: Crime
  • Conservative priorities: Immigration
  • Conservative priorities: National Security
  • Conservative priorities: NHS
  • Conservative priorities: None of these
  • Conservative priorities: Schools
  • Conservative priorities: The economy
  • Conservatives contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Conservatives emotions: Afraid
  • Conservatives emotions: Angry
  • Conservatives emotions: Hopeful
  • Conservatives emotions: None of these
  • Conservatives emotions: Proud
  • Conservatives united or divided
  • Constituency vote intention
  • Cost of Living getting higher or lower
  • Country
  • Country of birth
  • Crime levels getting higher or lower
  • Daily newspaper readership
  • Days discussed politics with person 1
  • Days discussed politics with person 2
  • Days discussed politics with person 3
  • Days R discusses politics
  • Decided on General Election vote
  • Deficit reduction necessary/unnecessary
  • Did you supervise or were you responsible for the work of any other people?
  • Differences in incomes between rich and poor larger or smaller
  • Do you ever think of yourself as belonging to any particular class?
  • Do you own or rent the home in which you live?
  • Do you supervise or are you responsible for the work of any other people?
  • Do you think that the amount of money families on welfare receive is too high or
  • Do you use Facebook?
  • Do you use Twitter?
  • Does England get fair share from Union?
  • Does person 1 care whether R votes?
  • Does person 2 care whether R votes?
  • Does person 3 care whether R votes?
  • Does Scotland get fair share from Union?
  • Does the Conservative candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does the Labour candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does the Liberal Democrat candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does the UKIP candidate live in the constituency?
  • Does Wales get fair share from Union?
  • Economic growth/Protecting the environment scale
  • Economic optimism indicator: good time to buy
  • Economy doing better or worse
  • Education doing better or worse
  • English identity scale
  • Equal opportunities for ethnic minorities gone too far | not far enough
  • Equal opportunities for women gone too far |not far enough
  • Equal opportunities to gays and lesbians gone too far | not far enough
  • Ethnic minorities: gap between life expectations and outcomes
  • Ethnic minorities: MP would help if asked
  • Ethnic minorities: MP would help if same ethnicity
  • Ethnic minorities: non-white people discriminated against
  • Ethnicity
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): self
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): SNP
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): UKIP
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): self
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): SNP
  • European Integration scale (ESS version): UKIP
  • Facebook political info: Candidates or parties
  • Facebook political info: Candidates or parties
  • Facebook political info: Someone you know personally
  • Financial literacy: Inflation 2% and savings interest 1%
  • Financial literacy: riskier investment
  • Financial literacy: £100 at 2% interest after 5 years
  • For some crimes, the death penalty is the most appropriate sentence
  • full weight
  • Gender
  • General economic retrospective evaluation: country
  • General Election vote 2005
  • General Election vote 2010
  • General election vote intention (recalled vote in post-election waves)
  • General election vote intention (squeezed)
  • General election vote intention (unsqueezed)
  • Generally speaking, how willing are you to take risks?
  • Going to vote is a lot of effort
  • Gone too far: cuts to local services in my area
  • Gone too far: cuts to NHS spending
  • Gone too far: cuts to public spending
  • Gone too far: measures to protect environment
  • Gone too far: private companies running public services
  • Government Office Region
  • Green Party contacted by email
  • Green Party contacted by letter/leaflet
  • Green Party contacted by SMS
  • Green Party contacted by telephone
  • Green Party contacted in other ways
  • Green Party contacted in street
  • Green Party Contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Green Party emotions: Afraid
  • Green Party emotions: Angry
  • Green Party emotions: Hopeful
  • Green Party emotions: None of these
  • Green Party emotions: Proud
  • Green Party united or divided
  • Green Party visited home
  • Handle most important issue: Conservatives
  • Handle most important issue: Green Party
  • Handle most important issue: Labour
  • Handle most important issue: Liberal Democrat
  • Handle most important issue: UKIP
  • Have any of the political parties contacted you during the past four weeks?
  • Have you *ever* been a member of a trade union?
  • Have you contacted your MP, or not, since the last General Election?
  • Have you worked in a paid job in the past?
  • Highest Qualification
  • Household size
  • Household size - number of children
  • How likely that vote makes difference in constituency
  • How likely to win in constituency: Conservatives
  • How likely to win in constituency: Greens
  • How likely to win in constituency: Labour
  • How likely to win in constituency: Liberal Democrats
  • How likely to win in constituency: Plaid Cymru
  • How likely to win in constituency: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • How likely to win in constituency: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • How many people work for your employer at the place where you work?
  • How many people worked for your employer at the place where you worked most rece
  • How successful do you think the government in Britain is nowadays in dealing wit
  • How well government handling costs of living
  • How well government handling crime
  • How well government handling economy
  • How well government handling education
  • How well government handling immigration
  • How well government handling NHS
  • How well Labour would handle cost of living
  • How well Labour would handle crime
  • How well Labour would handle education
  • How well labour would handle immigration
  • How well Labour would handle the economy
  • How well Labour would handle the NHS
  • I am interested in what other people think about this party.
  • I have a lot in common with other supporters of this party.
  • If this party does badly in opinion polls, my day is ruined
  • Immigrants are a burden on the welfare state
  • Immigration bad or good for economy
  • Immigration enriches or undermines cultural life
  • Immigration level increase/decrease
  • Immigration levels getting higher or lower
  • In business, bonuses are a fair way to reward hard work
  • Income - gross household
  • Income - gross personal
  • Independence referendum vote intention
  • Interest in General Election
  • Interview Start Time
  • Is $registeredOther the postcode of your current address?
  • It doesn't matter which political party is in power
  • It is difficult to understand what happens in gov and politics
  • It is every citizen's duty to vote in an election
  • It is more difficult to know who to blame when parties govern in coalition
  • It takes too much time and effort to be active in politics
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Green Party
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Liberal Democrats
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Plaid Cymru
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Join coalition with Conservatives: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Join coalition with Labour: Green Party
  • Join coalition with Labour: Liberal Democrats
  • Join coalition with Labour: Plaid Cymru
  • Join coalition with Labour: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Join coalition with Labour: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Keep submarines with nuclear weapons
  • Knows Angela Merkel's job
  • Knows Bashar al-Assad's job
  • Knows Benjamin Netanyahu's job
  • Knows Ed Miliband's job
  • Knows Francois Hollande's job
  • Knows George Obsborne's job
  • Knows John Bercow's job
  • Knows John Kerry's job
  • Knows Nick Clegg's job
  • Knows Theresa May's job
  • Knows Vladmir Putin's job
  • Labour contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Labour emotions: Afraid
  • Labour emotions: Angry
  • Labour emotions: Hopeful
  • Labour emotions: None of these
  • Labour emotions: Proud
  • Labour priorities: Cost of living
  • Labour priorities: Crime
  • Labour priorities: Immigration
  • Labour priorities: National Security
  • Labour priorities: NHS
  • Labour priorities: None of these
  • Labour priorities: Schools
  • Labour priorities: The economy
  • Labour united or divided
  • Left-right value: Big business takes advantage of ordinary people
  • Left-right value: Government should redistribute incomes
  • Left-right value: Management will always try to get the better of employees
  • Left-right value: Ordinary working people do not get their fair share
  • Left-right value: There is one law for the rich and one for the poor
  • Left/right position: Conservative
  • Left/right position: Greens
  • Left/right position: Labour
  • Left/right position: Lib Dems
  • Left/right position: Plaid Cymru
  • Left/right position: Self
  • Left/right position: SNP
  • Left/right position: UKIP
  • Lib Dems contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Cost of living
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Crime
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Immigration
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: National Security
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: NHS
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: None of these
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: Schools
  • Liberal Democrat priorities: The economy
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Afraid
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Angry
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Hopeful
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: None of these
  • Liberal Democrats emotions: Proud
  • Liberal Democrats united or divided
  • Like/dislike: Bennett
  • Like/dislike: British National Party (BNP)
  • Like/dislike: Cameron
  • Like/dislike: Clegg
  • Like/dislike: Conservatives
  • Like/dislike: Farage
  • Like/dislike: Green Party
  • Like/dislike: Labour
  • Like/dislike: Liberal Democrats
  • Like/dislike: Miliband
  • Like/dislike: Plaid Cymru
  • Like/dislike: Scottish National Party
  • Like/dislike: Sturgeon
  • Like/dislike: United Kingdom Independence Party
  • Like/dislike: Wood
  • Likelihood to vote in general election
  • Likely to win majority: Conservatives
  • Likely to win majority: Labour
  • Most important issue category (auto-coded)
  • Most people I know usually vote in general elections
  • MP focused on national issues or constituency
  • MP has local roots or is an outsider
  • MP Independent-minded or party loyalist
  • MPs look after Constituency interests
  • National security scale: Conservatives
  • National security scale: Green Party
  • National security scale: Labour
  • National security scale: Liberal Democrats
  • National security scale: Self placement
  • National security scale: UKIP
  • National security spending
  • Never went to private school
  • NHS doing better or worse
  • No caring responsibilities
  • No chance at coalition: All parties have a chance
  • No chance at coalition: Conservatives
  • No chance at coalition: Green Party
  • No chance at coalition: Labour
  • No chance at coalition: Liberal Democrats
  • No chance at coalition: Plaid Cymru
  • No chance at coalition: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • No chance at coalition: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • None of these parties contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Not at all important | Very important
  • NS-SEC social class analytic categories
  • Other party contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Other than on Twitter and Facebook, have you visited the website of a candidate
  • Parties cannot deliver on their promises when they govern in coalition
  • Party ID if no party to first ID question
  • Party identification
  • People should vote for the party they like the most, even if it's not likely to
  • People who break the law should be given stiffer sentences
  • People who vote for small parties are throwing away their vote
  • Person 1 turnout
  • Person 1 vote choice
  • Person 2 turnout
  • Person 2 vote choice
  • Person 3 turnout
  • Person 3 vote choice
  • Personal economic retrospective evaluation: household
  • Plaid Cymru contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Afraid
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Angry
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Hopeful
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: None of these
  • Plaid Cymru emotions: Proud
  • Plaid Cymru united or divided
  • Politicians don't care what people like me think
  • Politicians only care about people with money
  • Preferences for English powers | English votes on English laws
  • Preferred election outcome: Conservative led coalition
  • Preferred election outcome: Conservative majority
  • Preferred election outcome: Labour led coalition
  • Preferred election outcome: Labour majority
  • Preferred election outcome: Some other government
  • Preferred seats outcome: majority or proportional
  • Probability of voting for BNP
  • Probability of voting for Conservatives
  • Probability of voting for Green party
  • Probability of voting for Labour
  • Probability of voting for Liberal Democrats
  • Probability of voting for Plaid Cymru
  • Probability of voting for Scottish National Party
  • Probability of voting for UKIP
  • R lives at same address as person 1
  • R lives at same address as person 2
  • R lives at same address as person 3
  • Racial prejudice in Britain today
  • Reason not reg: Don't know
  • Reason not reg: I didn't know how to register
  • Reason not reg: I didn't want other people to know details
  • Reason not reg: I got left off by mistake
  • Reason not reg: I have recently moved
  • Reason not reg: I just couldn't be bothered
  • Reason not reg: I'm not entitled to vote
  • Reason not reg: I'm not interested in elections
  • Reason not reg: Never received the application form
  • Reason not reg: None of these reasons
  • Redistribution scale: Conservatives
  • Redistribution scale: Greens
  • Redistribution scale: Labour
  • Redistribution scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Redistribution scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Redistribution scale: Self
  • Redistribution scale: SNP
  • Redistribution scale: UKIP
  • Reduce deficit by taxation/spending cuts
  • Relationship with person 1
  • Relationship with person 2
  • Relationship with person 3
  • Religious affiliation
  • Religious denomination
  • Respondent filled in registration form, or someone else
  • Responsible for cost of living: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for cost of living: Don't know
  • Responsible for cost of living: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for cost of living: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for cost of living: None
  • Responsible for cost of living: Scottish government
  • Responsible for cost of living: Welsh government
  • Responsible for crime: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for crime: Don't know
  • Responsible for crime: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for crime: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for crime: None
  • Responsible for crime: Scottish government
  • Responsible for crime: Welsh government
  • Responsible for economy: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for economy: Don't know
  • Responsible for economy: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for economy: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for economy: None
  • Responsible for economy: Scottish government
  • Responsible for economy: Welsh government
  • Responsible for education: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for education: Don't know
  • Responsible for education: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for education: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for education: None
  • Responsible for education: Scottish government
  • Responsible for education: Welsh government
  • Responsible for GB debt: Conservatives in UK gov
  • Responsible for GB debt: don't know
  • Responsible for GB debt: EU
  • Responsible for GB debt: Global financial institutions
  • Responsible for GB debt: last Labour gov
  • Responsible for GB debt: Lib Dems in UK gov
  • Responsible for GB debt: None in list
  • Responsible for GB debt: Other
  • Responsible for GB debt: Trade Unions
  • Responsible for GB debt: UK banks
  • Responsible for immigration: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for immigration: Don't know
  • Responsible for immigration: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for immigration: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for immigration: None
  • Responsible for immigration: Scottish government
  • Responsible for immigration: Welsh government
  • Responsible for NHS: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for NHS: Don't know
  • Responsible for NHS: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for NHS: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for NHS: None
  • Responsible for NHS: Scottish government
  • Responsible for NHS: Welsh government
  • Risk of poverty: times when won't have enough money
  • Risk of unemployment
  • Satisfaction with English democracy
  • Satisfaction with EU democracy
  • Satisfaction with Scottish democracy
  • Satisfaction with the current system of registration
  • Satisfaction with UK democracy
  • Satisfaction with Welsh democracy
  • Schools should teach children to obey authority
  • Scotland Q only: Approve: Scottish government
  • Scotland Q only: Expectations about Scottish powers
  • Scotland Q only: Preferences for Scottish powers
  • Scotland Q only: Scottish identity scale
  • Scotland Q only: Vote intention for Scottish Parliament | constituency
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Defence
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: NHS
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Police
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Schools
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Tax
  • Scotland Q only: Which institution should decide: Welfare benefits
  • Shared political content on another website/online platform
  • Shared political content on Facebook
  • Shared political content on Twitter
  • Shared political content through email
  • Shared political content through instant messaging
  • Signed up online to help a party or candidate
  • SNP contacted by email
  • SNP contacted by letter/leaflet
  • SNP contacted by SMS
  • SNP contacted by telephone
  • SNP contacted in other ways
  • SNP contacted in street
  • SNP contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • SNP emotions: Afraid
  • SNP emotions: Angry
  • SNP emotions: Hopeful
  • SNP emotions: None of these
  • SNP emotions: Proud
  • SNP visited home
  • Speaks Welsh?
  • Strength of party identification
  • Subject area currently studying in higher education
  • Subject area studied in higher education
  • Time follows politics in newspapers (including online)
  • Time follows politics on the internet (not including newspapers)
  • Time follows politics on the radio
  • Time follows politics on TV
  • Time follows politics talking to other people
  • Too many people these days like to rely on government handouts
  • Trust MPs in general
  • Trust own MP
  • Turnout in Scottish referendum (recalled) [top up respondents]
  • Twitter political info: Candidates or parties
  • Twitter political info: Other people (e.g. commentators, journalists etc)
  • Twitter political info: Someone you know personally
  • UKIP contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • UKIP emotions: Afraid
  • UKIP emotions: Angry
  • UKIP emotions: Hopeful
  • UKIP emotions: None of these
  • UKIP emotions: Proud
  • UKIP priorities: Cost of living
  • UKIP priorities: Crime
  • UKIP priorities: Immigration
  • UKIP priorities: National Security
  • UKIP priorities: NHS
  • UKIP priorities: None of these
  • UKIP priorities: Schools
  • UKIP priorities: The economy
  • UKIP united or divided
  • Understands the important political issues facing our country
  • Visited another party or candidate website
  • Visited Conservative party or candidate website
  • Visited Green party or candidate website
  • Visited Labour party or candidate website
  • Visited Liberal Democrat party or candidate website
  • Visited Plaid Cymru party or candidate website
  • Visited SNP party or candidate website
  • Visited UKIP party or candidate website
  • Vote in Scottish referendum (recalled) [top up respondents]
  • Vote intention in referendum on EU membership
  • Voting is an enjoyable experience
  • Wales Q only: Approve: Welsh government
  • Wales Q only: Preferences for Welsh powers
  • Wales Q only: Preferences for Welsh powers
  • Wales Q only: Vote intention for Welsh Assembly | constituency
  • Wales Q only: Welsh identity scale
  • Wales Q only: Which insitution should decide: Tax
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Defence
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Justice
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: NHS
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Police
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Schools
  • Wales Q only: Which institution should decide: Welfare
  • Went to private primary/middle school
  • Went to private secondary school
  • Were you an employee or self-employed/an independent contractor?
  • Were you satisfied, or not, with their response?
  • What is the party of your MP?
  • What is your marital status?
  • When I meet someone who supports this party, I feel connected with this person
  • When I speak about this party, I refer to them as "my party"
  • When I speak about this party, I usually say "we" instead of "they".
  • When people criticize this party, it feels like a personal insult.
  • When people praise this party, it makes me feel good
  • When someone is unemployed, it's usually through no fault of their own
  • Which party signed up online to help
  • Work type
  • Working status
  • Would cost of living be getting higher/lower under Labour
  • Would crime be getting higher/lower under Labour
  • Would economy be doing better/worse under Labour
  • Would immigration be geting higher/lower under Labour
  • Would NHS be doing better /worse under Labour
  • Would schools be doing better/worse under Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Conservative
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Don't know
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Green Party
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Liberal Democrat
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: None of these
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Plaid Cymru
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Conservative
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Don't know
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Green Party
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Labour
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Liberal Democrat
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: None of these
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Plaid Cymru
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would successfully reduce inequality: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Conservative
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Don't know
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Green Party
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Labour
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Liberal Democrat
  • Would try to reduce immigration: None of these
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Plaid Cymru
  • Would try to reduce immigration: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would try to reduce immigration: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Conservative
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Don't know
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Green Party
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Labour
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Liberal Democrat
  • Would try to reduce inequality: None of these
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Plaid Cymru
  • Would try to reduce inequality: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • Would try to reduce inequality: United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP)
  • Would you say the difference in incomes is much larger or somewhat larger?
  • Would you say the difference in incomes is much smaller or somewhat smaller?
  • Young people today don't have enough respect for traditional British values