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Wave 20 of the 2014-2023 British Election Study Internet Panel

  • June 2020 - June 2020
  • N = 31,468
  • Mode: Online survey

Fieldhouse, E., J. Green, G. Evans, J. Mellon & C. Prosser, R. de Geus, J. Bailey (2020) British Election Study Internet Panel Waves 1-20.
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 Variables
  • 2005 GE turnout
  • 2005 GE vote choice
  • 2010 GE turnout
  • 2010 GE vote choice
  • 2019 GE turnout
  • 2019 GE vote choice
  • Access to: can speak another language fluently
  • Access to: discuss politics with you
  • Access to: do your shopping if you are ill
  • Access to: Give you a good reference for a job
  • Access to: Give you sound advice on legal or money matters
  • Access to: give you sound advice on your work
  • Access to: has a profession such as a lawyer, teacher or accountant
  • Access to: has good contacts with local newspaper, radio or TV
  • Access to: help with small jobs around the house
  • Access to: help you to find somewhere to live if you had to move home
  • Access to: in a position to hire other people
  • Access to: knows a lot about health and fitness
  • Access to: knows about govt regulations
  • Access to: knows how to fix computers
  • Access to: lend you money (month's rent)
  • Access to: local councillor
  • Access to: None of these
  • Access to: None of these
  • Access to: None of these
  • Access to: reliable tradesman
  • Access to: works for your local council
  • Achieve reduced immigration: Brexit Party
  • After being with a friend who is sad about something, I usually feel sad
  • Age
  • Age completed formal education
  • Age group
  • Allowing Britain to control immigration from the EU
  • Are they an employee or self-employed/an independent contractor?
  • Are you a member of a trade union?
  • Are you a parent or guardian?
  • Are your day-to-day activities limited because of a health problem or disability
  • Attention to Politics
  • Authoritarian/libertarianism scale
  • Best party on most important issue
  • Best way to run country: strong leader, ignore parliament/elections
  • Brexit
  • Brexit
  • Brexit
  • Brexit
  • Brexit
  • Brexit Party: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Brexit priority: access to single market versus controlling immigration
  • British businesses
  • British identity scale
  • Caring more for dependents since CV outbreak?
  • Church attendance
  • Conservatives look after black/asian
  • Conservatives look after middle class
  • Conservatives look after people in your local area
  • Conservatives look after unemployed
  • Conservatives look after working class
  • Conservatives united or divided
  • Conservatives: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Coronavirus Self Employment Income Support Scheme
  • Country
  • Country of Birth
  • Crime
  • Crime
  • Deal priority: Allowing Britain to make trade deals with other countries
  • Deal priority: Keeping access to EU markets for British firms
  • Deal priority: Keeping open border between NI and Ireland
  • Deal priority: Keeping open border between NI and UK
  • Deal priority: Not having to follow EU rules/regulations
  • Dealing with people: generally trust or generally careful
  • Did they supervise or were they responsible for the work of any other people?
  • Did they work on their own or did they have employees?
  • Did you work on your own or did you have employees?
  • Do they supervise or are they responsible for the work of any other people?
  • Do they work on their own or do they have employees?
  • Do you own or rent the home in which you live?
  • Do you work on your own or do you have employees?
  • Economic growth/Protecting the environment scale
  • Economic optimism indicator: good time to buy big household items
  • Economy doing better or worse
  • Education level
  • Education level (with add. info)
  • Employed in creative and cultural industries
  • Employed in creative and cultural industries (excluding IT)
  • Employed in IT industry
  • English identity scale
  • EU ID: Criticism of my side feels like a personal insult
  • EU ID: Feel connected when meeting supporters of same side
  • EU ID: interested in what other people think
  • EU ID: Lot in common with supporters of my side
  • EU ID: Praise of my side makes me feel good
  • EU ID: say we instead of they
  • EU referendum identity
  • EU referendum turnout (earliest recorded)
  • EU referendum vote (earliest recorded)
  • European identity scale
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Brexit Party
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): self
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): SNP
  • Financial situation of your household
  • Gender
  • General economic retrospective evaluation: country
  • General economic situation in this country
  • General Election turnout 2015 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election turnout 2017 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election vote 2015 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election vote 2017 (earliest recorded)
  • General election vote intention (recalled vote in post-election waves)
  • Globalisation Access to Film, TV, Music, Sport: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Fast & Cheap Communication: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation General: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Global Tourism: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Influence of International Orgs (e.g. UN): Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Air Travel: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Banking: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Migration: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Trade: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Multinational brands: Good/Bad?
  • Gone too far: cuts to local services in my area
  • Gone too far: cuts to NHS spending
  • Gone too far: cuts to public spending
  • Govt support/leave large companies to deal with coronavirus crisis scale
  • Green: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Gross household income
  • Gross personal income
  • Has someone you personally know died as a result of coronavirus?
  • Has your household monthly income changed since the coronavirus outbreak?
  • Have they started working from home as a result of the coronavirus outbreak?
  • Have they worked in a paid job in the past?
  • Have you *ever* been a member of a trade union?
  • Have you ever attended a University or other higher education institution?
  • Have you started working from home as a result of the coronavirus outbreak?
  • Have you worked in a paid job in the past?
  • High risk medical condition: Close family member(s)
  • High risk medical condition: None of these
  • High risk medical condition: Someone else you are close to
  • High risk medical condition: You
  • Highest Qualification
  • Household member received full pay while stopped working?
  • Household member received no pay while stopped working?
  • Household member received some pay while stopped working?
  • How badly was someone else you are close to affected by coronavirus?
  • How badly were you affected by coronavirus?
  • How badly were your family members affected by coronavirus?
  • How many employees did your parent have?
  • How many of the people in your household are under 18?
  • How many people did they employ at the place they worked?
  • How many people do they employ at the place they work?
  • How many people work for their employer at the place where they work?
  • How many people worked for their employer at the place where they worked most r
  • How well do you think that the job you chose in the previous question describes
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled lockdown
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled testing
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled the provision of PPE for health workers
  • How well has the UK Govt handled testing
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the coronavirus outbreak?
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the lockdown?
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the provision of PPE for health workers
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled lockdown
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled testing
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled the provision of PPE for health workers
  • How well would a Labour Govt have handled the coronavirus outbreak?
  • I am not usually aware of my friends' feelings
  • I can usually figure out when my friends are scared
  • I can usually figure out when people are cheerful
  • I can usually realize quickly when a friend is angry
  • I don't become sad when I see other people crying
  • If there were another referendum on EU membership, how do you think you would v
  • Immigrants are a burden on the welfare state
  • Immigration
  • Immigration
  • Immigration bad or good for economy
  • Immigration enriches or undermines cultural life
  • Immigration types: Allow fewer/more asylum seekers into Britain
  • Immigration types: Allow fewer/more families of residents into Britain
  • Immigration types: Allow fewer/more foreign students into Britain
  • Immigration types: Allow fewer/more workers from EU into Britain
  • Immigration types: Allow fewer/more workers from non-EU into Britain
  • Interview Start Time
  • Job chose in previous Q describes what you do?
  • Labour look after black/asian
  • Labour look after middle class
  • Labour look after people in your local area
  • Labour look after unemployed
  • Labour look after working class
  • Labour united or divided
  • Labour: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Left-right scale
  • Left-right value: Big business takes advantage of ordinary poeple Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: Government should redistribute incomes Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: Management will always try to get the better of employees
  • Left-right value: Ordinary working people do not get their fair share Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: There is one law for the rich and one for the poor Waves 7-9
  • Left/right position: Brexit Party
  • Left/right position: Conservative
  • Left/right position: Greens
  • Left/right position: Labour
  • Left/right position: Lib Dems
  • Left/right position: Plaid Cymru
  • Left/right position: Self
  • Left/right position: SNP
  • Lib Dems: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Lib-Auth value: Censoring necessary to uphold moral standards Waves 7-9
  • Lib-Auth value: For some crimes, death penalty most appropriate sentence Waves
  • Life anxious scale
  • Life happy scale
  • Life satisfaction scale
  • Life worthwhile scale
  • Like/dislike Brexit Party
  • Like/dislike Ed Davey
  • Like/dislike Jonathan Bartley
  • Like/dislike Keir Starmer
  • Like/dislike: Adam Price
  • Like/dislike: Boris Johnson
  • Like/dislike: Conservatives
  • Like/dislike: Green Party
  • Like/dislike: Labour
  • Like/dislike: Liberal Democrats
  • Like/dislike: Nigel Farage
  • Like/dislike: Plaid Cymru
  • Like/dislike: Scottish National Party
  • Like/dislike: Sturgeon
  • Likelihood to vote in general election
  • Lockdown approval
  • My friends' emotions don't affect me much
  • My friends' unhappiness doesn't make me feel anything
  • Neither of these
  • Never went to private school
  • NHS doing better or worse
  • No dependents in household?
  • No, none of these
  • No, none of these
  • None of these
  • None of these
  • None of these
  • None of these
  • None of these
  • NS-SEC social class analytic categories
  • Number of people in household
  • O*Net Job Zone Occupation Code
  • Opinion on necessity of deficit reduction in next 3 years
  • Other
  • Other people's feelings don't bother me at all
  • Partner's education level
  • Party ID if no party to first ID question
  • Party identification
  • People who break the law should be given stiffer sentences
  • Personal economic retrospective evaluation: household
  • Plaid Cymru: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Populism: compromise in politics really selling out principles
  • Populism: elected officials talk too much and take too little action
  • Populism: people, not politicians, should make most important policy decisions
  • Populism: politicians in UK Parliament should follow will of the people
  • Populism: rather be represented by citizen than specialised politician
  • Pre-school aged children in household?
  • Probability of voting for Brexit Party
  • Probability of voting for Conservatives
  • Probability of voting for Green party
  • Probability of voting for Labour
  • Probability of voting for Liberal Democrats
  • Probability of voting for Plaid Cymru
  • Probability of voting for Scottish National Party
  • Rate China's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate Germany's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate Italy's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate South Korea's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate Sweden's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate UK's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate USA's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rather trust wisdom of ordinary people than experts
  • Receive pay while you stopped working?
  • Received high risk letter from NHS: Anyone close to you
  • Received high risk letter from NHS: Close family member(s)
  • Received high risk letter from NHS: You
  • Redistribution scale: Brexit Party
  • Redistribution scale: Conservatives
  • Redistribution scale: Greens
  • Redistribution scale: Labour
  • Redistribution scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Redistribution scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Redistribution scale: Self
  • Redistribution scale: SNP
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Conservatives
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Greens
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Labour
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Self
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: SNP
  • Region
  • Respondent belonging to any religion?
  • Respondent's self-selected ethnicity
  • Respondent's work status
  • Responsible for coronavirus: British public
  • Responsible for coronavirus: EU
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Expert advisers
  • Responsible for coronavirus: NHS
  • Responsible for coronavirus: None of these
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Other
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Scottish Govt
  • Responsible for coronavirus: UK Govt
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Welsh Govt
  • Risk ladder: prefer guaranteed money or 50/50 draw for higher amount
  • Satisfaction with UK democracy
  • School aged children in household?
  • Schools should teach children to obey authority
  • Scotland Q only: Independence referendum vote intention
  • Scotland Q only: Scottish identity scale
  • Scottish Constituency Vote 2011
  • Scottish Constituency Vote 2016
  • Scottish referendum turnout (earliest recorded)
  • Scottish referendum vote (earliest recorded)
  • Scottish Regional Vote 2011
  • Scottish Regional Vote 2016
  • Self: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Sick or elderly in household?
  • SNP look after black/asian
  • SNP look after middle class
  • SNP look after unemployed
  • SNP look after working class
  • SNP united or divided
  • SNP: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Social Grade
  • Speaks Welsh?
  • Stopped work since start of CV outbreak: Someone else in household
  • Stopped work since start of CV outbreak: Yourself
  • Strength of party identification
  • Subjective social class
  • Supported by Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme: Member of Household
  • Supported by Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme: Self
  • Supported by Coronavirus Self-Employment Income Support Scheme: Self
  • Supported by other state benefits due to coronavirus: Member of Household
  • Supported by other state benefits due to coronavirus: Self
  • Supported by Universal Credit due to coronavirus: Member of Household
  • Supported by Universal Credit due to coronavirus: Self
  • Suspect anyone else you are close to has had coronavirus?
  • Suspect close family members have had coronavirus?
  • Suspect you have had coronavirus?
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Conservatives
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Labour
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Self
  • The coronavirus crisis
  • The coronavirus crisis getting better or worse
  • The economy
  • The economy
  • The environment
  • The environment
  • The environment
  • The environment
  • The environment
  • The European Union
  • The NHS
  • The NHS
  • The Scottish government
  • The UK Government
  • The Welsh government
  • There will be times when you don't have enough money to cover your day to day li
  • Time follows politics in newspapers (including online)
  • Time follows politics on the internet (not including newspapers)
  • Time follows politics on the radio
  • Time follows politics on TV
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Ask people to download track/trace app
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Ban gatherings of two or more
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Ban leaving home for non-essential reason
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Close schools
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Encourage handwashing
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Fine rulebreakers
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Imprison rulebreakers
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: None of these (1)
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: None of these (2)
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Only open essential shops
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Recommend 2m social distance
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Require mask wearing in public
  • Too many people these days like to rely on government handouts
  • Trust MPs in general
  • Trust Westminster Govt to do what is right?
  • Wales Q only: Welsh identity scale
  • Weight variable for the GB sample as a whole (Everyone who took wave 2)
  • Welsh Constituency Vote 2016
  • Welsh Regional Vote 2016
  • Went to private/fee paying primary or middle level school
  • Went to private/fee paying secondary school
  • Were they an employee or self-employed/an independent contractor?
  • What is the highest educational or work-related qualification you have?
  • What is your current marital or relationship status?
  • What is your marital status?
  • What is your partner's highest level of education?
  • When someone is feeling 'down' I can usually understand how they feel
  • When you were growing up, who did your father vote for?
  • When you were growing up, who did your mother vote for?
  • Which daily newspaper do you read most often?
  • Which of the following best describes your sexuality?
  • Which of the types of organisation do they work or did they work for in their c
  • Working status
  • Working status of your partner?
  • Worried: About impact of coronavirus on economy
  • Worried: About impact of coronavirus on way of life
  • Worried: You or someone close catching coronavirus
  • Would economy be doing better/worse under Labour
  • Would NHS be doing better /worse under Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Conservative
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Green Party
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Liberal Democrat
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: None of these
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Plaid Cymru
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Scottish National Party (SNP)
  • You will be out of a job and looking for work
  • Young people today don't have enough respect for traditional British values
  • Yourself
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