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Wave 21 of the 2014-2023 British Election Study Internet Panel

  • May 2021 - May 2021
  • N = 30,281
  • Mode: Online survey

Fieldhouse, E., J. Green, G. Evans, J. Mellon & C. Prosser, J. Bailey (2021) British Election Study Internet Panel Waves 1-21. DOI: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-8810-1
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 Variables
  • 2005 GE turnout
  • 2005 GE vote choice
  • 2010 GE turnout
  • 2010 GE vote choice
  • 2019 GE turnout
  • 2019 GE vote choice
  • Achieve reduced immigration: Brexit Party
  • Age
  • Age completed formal education
  • Age group
  • Approve: UK government
  • Approve: your local council
  • Are you a parent or guardian?
  • Are your day-to-day activities limited because of a health problem or disability
  • Attention to Politics
  • Authoritarian/libertarianism scale
  • Best party on most important issue
  • Brexit Party contacted by email
  • Brexit Party contacted by letter/leaflet
  • Brexit Party contacted by social media
  • Brexit Party contacted by telephone
  • Brexit Party contacted in other ways
  • Brexit Party contacted in street
  • Brexit Party contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Brexit Party visited home
  • Brexit Party: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Bristol Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Bristol Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • British identity scale
  • Cambridge Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Cambridge Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • Closing schools to prevent coronavirus infections
  • Conservatives contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Conservatives look after black/asian
  • Conservatives look after middle class
  • Conservatives look after people in your local area
  • Conservatives look after unemployed
  • Conservatives look after working class
  • Conservatives united or divided
  • Conservatives: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Contacted by any political parties/campaigns in last 4 weeks?
  • Country
  • Country of Birth
  • Dealing with people: generally trust or generally careful
  • Did you work on your own or did you have employees?
  • Did your parent have employees?
  • Did your parent supervise the work of any other people?
  • Dimension of MII
  • Do you own or rent the home in which you live?
  • Do you work on your own or do you have employees?
  • Does London get fair share of govt spending?
  • Does my local area get fair share of govt spending?
  • Does my region get fair share of govt spending?
  • Doncaster Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Doncaster Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • Economic inequality changing?
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: ethnic minorities
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: middle class people
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: people in local community
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: people in London
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: people in region
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: white British people
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: working-class people
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: yourself
  • Economy doing better or worse
  • Education level
  • Education level (with add. info)
  • Effects of remaining EU: COVID-19 deaths in the UK
  • Effects of remaining EU: general economic situation in the UK
  • Effects of remaining EU: international trade
  • Effects of remaining EU: my personal economic situation
  • Effects of remaining EU: vaccine distribution in the UK
  • England
  • English identity scale
  • EU ID: Criticism of my side feels like a personal insult
  • EU ID: Feel connected when meeting supporters of same side
  • EU ID: interested in what other people think
  • EU ID: Lot in common with supporters of my side
  • EU ID: Praise of my side makes me feel good
  • EU ID: say we instead of they
  • EU referendum identity
  • EU referendum turnout (earliest recorded)
  • EU referendum vote (earliest recorded)
  • European identity scale
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Brexit Party
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): self
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): SNP
  • Financial situation of your household
  • Gender
  • General economic retrospective evaluation: country
  • General economic situation in this country
  • General Election turnout 2015 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election turnout 2017 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election vote 2015 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election vote 2017 (earliest recorded)
  • General election vote intention (recalled vote in post-election waves)
  • Globalisation Access to Film, TV, Music, Sport: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Fast & Cheap Communication: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation General: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Global Tourism: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Influence of International Orgs (e.g. UN): Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Air Travel: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Banking: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Migration: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation International Trade: Good/Bad?
  • Globalisation Multinational brands: Good/Bad?
  • Gone too far: cuts to local services in my area
  • Greater Manchester Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Greater Manchester Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • Green Party contacted by email
  • Green Party contacted by letter/leaflet
  • Green Party contacted by SMS
  • Green Party contacted by telephone
  • Green Party contacted in other ways
  • Green Party contacted in street
  • Green Party Contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Green Party visited home
  • Green: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Gross household income
  • Gross personal income
  • Has someone you personally know died as a result of coronavirus?
  • Have you worked in a paid job in the past?
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: I am against vaccines in general
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: I do not think it is safe
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: I do not think it will work
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: I don't think I need it
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: None of these
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: Official advice it may not be safe for me
  • Hesitant to take vaccine: Other
  • High risk medical condition: Close family member(s)
  • High risk medical condition: None of these
  • High risk medical condition: Someone else you are close to
  • High risk medical condition: You
  • Household: among richest or poorest in the UK?
  • How badly was someone else you are close to affected by coronavirus?
  • How badly were you affected by coronavirus?
  • How badly were your family members affected by coronavirus?
  • How did your partner vote in 2019 UK General Election?
  • How did your partner vote in the EU referendum in 2016?
  • How many employees did your parent have?
  • How many Greens contact by social media, email, text
  • How many Lib Dems contact by social media, email, text
  • How many of the people in your household are under 18?
  • How many people worked for your parent's employer?
  • How many times Conservatives contact by phone or writing (e.g. leaflets)
  • How many times Conservatives contact by social media, email, text
  • How many times Conservatives contact face-to-face
  • How many times Greens contact by phone or writing (e.g. leaflets)
  • How many times Greens contact face-to-face
  • How many times Labour contact by phone or writing (e.g. leaflets)
  • How many times Labour contact by social media, email, text
  • How many times Labour contact face-to-face
  • How many times Lib Dems contact by phone or writing (e.g. leaflets)
  • How many times Lib Dems contact face-to-face
  • How many years ago did you first start your relationship with your partner?
  • How patriotic are these parties? Conservatives
  • How patriotic are these parties? Labour
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled lockdown
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled testing
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled the provision of PPE for health workers
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled tracing contacts of positive tests
  • How well has the Scot Govt handled vaccine rollout
  • How well has the UK Govt handled testing
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the coronavirus outbreak?
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the lockdown?
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the provision of PPE for health workers
  • How well has the UK Govt handled tracing contacts of positive tests
  • How well has the UK Govt handled vaccine rollout
  • How well has the UK performed overall in dealing with the coronavirus crisis?
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled lockdown
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled testing
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled the provision of PPE for health workers
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled tracing contacts of positive tests
  • How well has the Welsh Govt handled vaccine rollout
  • How well served is your local community by local services and amenities?
  • How well would a Labour Govt have handled the coronavirus outbreak?
  • How well would the UK govt handle new strains of the virus?
  • I am interested in what other people think about this party.
  • I like responsibility of handling a situation that requires a lot of thinking
  • I really enjoy a task that involves coming up with new solutions to problems
  • I would prefer complex to simple problems
  • If there were another referendum on EU membership, how do you think you would v
  • Immigration bad or good for economy
  • Interview Start Time
  • It doesn't matter which political party is in power
  • It is often difficult for me to understand what is going on in government and po
  • Job chose in previous Q describes what you do?
  • Labour contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Labour look after black/asian
  • Labour look after middle class
  • Labour look after people in your local area
  • Labour look after unemployed
  • Labour look after working class
  • Labour united or divided
  • Labour: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Left-right scale
  • Left-right value: Big business takes advantage of ordinary poeple Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: Government should redistribute incomes Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: Management will always try to get the better of employees
  • Left-right value: Ordinary working people do not get their fair share Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: There is one law for the rich and one for the poor Waves 7-9
  • Left/right position: Brexit Party
  • Left/right position: Conservative
  • Left/right position: Greens
  • Left/right position: Labour
  • Left/right position: Lib Dems
  • Left/right position: Plaid Cymru
  • Left/right position: Self
  • Left/right position: SNP
  • Lib Dems contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Lib Dems: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Lib-Auth value: Censoring necessary to uphold moral standards Waves 7-9
  • Lib-Auth value: For some crimes, death penalty most appropriate sentence Waves
  • Life anxious scale
  • Life happy scale
  • Life satisfaction scale
  • Life worthwhile scale
  • Like/dislike Brexit Party
  • Like/dislike Ed Davey
  • Like/dislike Jonathan Bartley
  • Like/dislike Keir Starmer
  • Like/dislike Si├ón Berry
  • Like/dislike: Adam Price
  • Like/dislike: Boris Johnson
  • Like/dislike: Conservatives
  • Like/dislike: Green Party
  • Like/dislike: Labour
  • Like/dislike: Liberal Democrats
  • Like/dislike: Nigel Farage
  • Like/dislike: Plaid Cymru
  • Like/dislike: Richard Tice
  • Like/dislike: Salmond
  • Like/dislike: Scottish National Party
  • Like/dislike: Sturgeon
  • Likelihood of turnout: Scottish Parl elections (May 5th)
  • Likelihood of turnout: London Assembly+Mayoral elections
  • Likelihood of turnout: Welsh Assembly elections (May 5th)
  • Likelihood to vote in general election
  • Liverpool Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Liverpool Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • Liverpool Region Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Liverpool Region Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • Local community: among highest or lowest crime in the UK?
  • Local community: among richest or poorest in the UK?
  • London Mayor: first choice (post)
  • London Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Mayoral election turnout
  • MII (manually-coded/collapsed)
  • MII manual coding
  • NHS doing better or worse
  • None of these
  • None of these parties contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • North Of Tyne Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • North Of Tyne Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • NS-SEC social class analytic categories
  • Number of people in household
  • Opinion on necessity of deficit reduction in next 3 years
  • Other party contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Parent's education level
  • Parent's highest level of education
  • Parent's ns-sec analytic categories
  • Parent's ns-sec sub-categories
  • Party ID if no party to first ID question
  • Party identification
  • People in your local area
  • People who break the law should be given stiffer sentences
  • Personal economic retrospective evaluation: household
  • Personal social status: Earnings
  • Personal social status: Education
  • Personal social status: General
  • Personal social status: Respect from other people
  • Personal social status: Respect towards job
  • Personal social status: Wealth
  • Plaid Cymru contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Plaid Cymru: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Police and Crime Commissioner first choice vote (intention)
  • Police and Crime Commissioner second choice vote (intention)
  • Politicians don't care what people like me think
  • Prefer an intellectual, difficult, and important task
  • Probability of voting for Alba
  • Probability of voting for Brexit Party
  • Probability of voting for Conservatives
  • Probability of voting for Green party
  • Probability of voting for Labour
  • Probability of voting for Liberal Democrats
  • Probability of voting for Plaid Cymru
  • Probability of voting for Scottish National Party
  • Rate China's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate Germany's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate Italy's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate South Korea's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate Sweden's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate UK's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rate USA's response to coronavirus outbreak?
  • Rather do something that requires little thought than something challenging
  • Rather trust wisdom of ordinary people than experts
  • Recalled turnout in PCC elections
  • Received/booked one dose of coronavirus vaccine
  • Redistribution scale: Brexit Party
  • Redistribution scale: Conservatives
  • Redistribution scale: Greens
  • Redistribution scale: Labour
  • Redistribution scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Redistribution scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Redistribution scale: Self
  • Redistribution scale: SNP
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Brexit Party
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Conservatives
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Greens
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Labour
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Self
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: SNP
  • Region
  • Respondent belonging to any religion?
  • Respondent's self-selected ethnicity
  • Respondent's work status
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Brexit
  • Responsible for coronavirus: British public
  • Responsible for coronavirus: EU
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Expert advisers
  • Responsible for coronavirus: NHS
  • Responsible for coronavirus: None of these
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Other
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Scientists/vaccine manufacturers
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Scottish Govt
  • Responsible for coronavirus: UK Govt
  • Responsible for coronavirus: Welsh Govt
  • Responsible for economy: Brexit
  • Responsible for economy: British businesses
  • Responsible for economy: Conservatives in UK government
  • Responsible for economy: Last Labour government
  • Responsible for economy: Lib Dems in UK government
  • Responsible for economy: None
  • Responsible for economy: Other
  • Responsible for economy: Scottish government
  • Responsible for economy: Welsh government
  • Salford Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Salford Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • Satisfaction with English democracy
  • Satisfaction with Scottish democracy
  • Satisfaction with UK democracy
  • Satisfaction with Welsh democracy
  • Schools should teach children to obey authority
  • Scotland
  • Scotland Q only: Approve: Scottish government
  • Scotland Q only: Happy if Scotland becomes independent
  • Scotland Q only: Independence referendum vote intention
  • Scotland Q only: Preferences for Scottish powers
  • Scotland Q only: Scottish identity scale
  • Scotland Q only: Vote intention for Scottish Parliament | constituency
  • ScotRef Agree Q (Squeeze)
  • ScotRef Identification
  • ScotRef Remain Q (Squeeze)
  • ScotRef: Do you agree that Scotland should be an independent country?
  • ScotRef: Should Scotland be an independent country?
  • ScotRef: Should Scotland remain in the UK or leave the UK?
  • ScotRefID: Criticism of my side feels like a personal insult
  • ScotRefID: Feel connected when meeting supporters of same side
  • ScotRefID: interested in what other people think
  • ScotRefID: Lot in common with supporters of my side
  • ScotRefID: Praise of my side makes me feel good
  • ScotRefID: say we instead of they
  • Scottish Constituency Vote 2011
  • Scottish Constituency Vote 2016
  • Scottish referendum turnout (earliest recorded)
  • Scottish referendum vote (earliest recorded)
  • Scottish regional vote
  • Scottish Regional Vote 2011
  • Scottish Regional Vote 2016
  • Self: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Should there be another Scottish independence referendum within 10 years
  • SNP contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • SNP look after black/asian
  • SNP look after middle class
  • SNP look after unemployed
  • SNP look after working class
  • SNP: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Social Grade
  • Strength of party identification
  • Subjective social class
  • Subjective social class (squeeze)
  • Suspect anyone else you are close to has had coronavirus?
  • Suspect close family members have had coronavirus?
  • Suspect you have had coronavirus?
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Conservatives
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Labour
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Self
  • Tees Valley Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • Tees Valley Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • The coronavirus crisis getting better or worse
  • There will be times when you don't have enough money to cover your day to day li
  • Thinking is not my idea of fun
  • This time last year, how well did UK govt handle coronavirus outbreak?
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Ask people to download track/trace app
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Ban gatherings of two or more
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Ban leaving home for non-essential reason
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Close schools
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Encourage handwashing
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Fine rulebreakers
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Imprison rulebreakers
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: None of these (1)
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: None of these (2)
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Only open essential shops
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Recommend 2m social distance
  • To tackle coronavirus Britain should: Require mask wearing in public
  • Trust MPs in general
  • Type of Organisation Current/Most Recent Job?
  • Vote intention: London Assembly constituency ballot
  • Vote intention: London Assembly-wide ballot
  • Wales
  • Wales Q only: Approve: Welsh government
  • Wales Q only: Independence referendum vote intention
  • Wales Q only: Preferences for Welsh powers
  • Wales Q only: Vote intention for Welsh Assembly | constituency
  • Wales Q only: Vote intention for Welsh Assembly | regional or party list
  • Wales Q only: Welsh identity scale
  • Was your parent an employee or self-employed?
  • Weight variable for the GB sample as a whole (Everyone who took wave 2)
  • Welsh Constituency Vote 2016
  • Welsh Regional Vote 2016
  • West Midlands Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • West Midlands Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • West of England Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • West of England Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • West Yorkshire Mayoral Election: First Choice
  • West Yorkshire Mayoral Election: Second Choice
  • What about the local elections on the same day? Did you manage to vote in your l
  • What is the highest educational or work-related qualification you have?
  • What is your current marital or relationship status?
  • What kind of organisation do you work for?
  • What type of organisation did your parent work in?
  • Which daily newspaper do you read most often?
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: firearms licence
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: military identification card
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: none of these
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: photographic drivers licence
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: police identification card
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: Proof of Age Standards scheme (PASS) card
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: travel card
  • Which forms of photo ID do you hold: UK passport
  • Which of the following best describes your sexuality?
  • Which party did you vote for in the local elections?
  • Working status
  • Would economy be doing better/worse under Labour
  • Would NHS be doing better /worse under Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Conservative
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Green Party
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Labour
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Liberal Democrat
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: None of these
  • Would successfully reduce immigration: Plaid Cymru
  • Would you take a coronavirus vaccine if it is offered to you?
  • You will be out of a job and looking for work
  • Young people today don't have enough respect for traditional British values
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