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Wave 23 of the 2014-2023 British Election Study Internet Panel

  • May 2022 - May 2022
  • N = 30,949
  • Mode: Online survey

Fieldhouse, E., J. Green, G. Evans, J. Mellon & C. Prosser, J. Bailey (2022) British Election Study Internet Panel Waves 1-23. DOI: 10.5255/UKDA-SN-8810-1
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 Variables
  • 2005 GE turnout
  • 2005 GE vote choice
  • 2010 GE turnout
  • 2010 GE vote choice
  • 2019 GE turnout
  • 2019 GE vote choice
  • Age
  • Age completed formal education
  • Age group
  • An independent candidate
  • Are you a parent or guardian?
  • Are you likely to inherit any money or property in the future?
  • Are your day-to-day activities limited because of a health problem or disability
  • Attention to Politics
  • Authoritarian/libertarianism scale
  • Best party on most important issue
  • Borrow from friends or family
  • Brexit Party contacted by email
  • Brexit Party contacted by letter/leaflet
  • Brexit Party contacted by social media
  • Brexit Party contacted by telephone
  • Brexit Party contacted in other ways
  • Brexit Party contacted in street
  • Brexit Party contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Brexit Party visited home
  • Brexit Party: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • British identity scale
  • Cares for pre-school age children
  • Cares for school age children
  • Cares for sick, disabled or elderly adults
  • Church attendance
  • Competence: Johnson
  • Competence: Starmer
  • Conservatives contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Conservatives look after black/asian
  • Conservatives look after men
  • Conservatives look after middle class
  • Conservatives look after people in London
  • Conservatives look after people in your local area
  • Conservatives look after people who didn't go to university or college
  • Conservatives look after people who went to university or college
  • Conservatives look after retired people
  • Conservatives look after unemployed
  • Conservatives look after White British people
  • Conservatives look after women
  • Conservatives look after working class
  • Conservatives look after young people
  • Conservatives united or divided
  • Conservatives: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Contacted by any political parties/campaigns in last 4 weeks?
  • Country
  • Country of Birth
  • Croydon Mayor: first choice (post)
  • Croydon Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Dealing with people: generally trust or generally careful
  • Despite press, the parties held at Downing Street aren't that important
  • Did you work on your own or did you have employees?
  • Did your parent have employees?
  • Did your parent supervise the work of any other people?
  • Dimension of MII
  • Do you and/or your partner (if applicable) have any savings?
  • Do you expect to be able to purchase a home in the next 5 to 10 years?
  • Do you own or rent the home in which you live?
  • Do you think your economic circumstances will be better, worse, or about the sa
  • Do you work on your own or do you have employees?
  • Economic growth/Protecting the environment scale
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: ethnic minorities
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: middle class people
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: people in local community
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: people in London
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: people in region
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: white British people
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: working-class people
  • Economic situation in last 12 months: yourself
  • Economy doing better or worse
  • Education level
  • Education level (with add. info)
  • Effects of remaining EU: general economic situation in the UK
  • Effects of remaining EU: my personal economic situation
  • English identity scale
  • Equal opportunities for ethnic minorities gone too far | not far enough
  • Equal opportunities for women gone too far |not far enough
  • Equal opportunities to gays and lesbians gone too far | not far enough
  • EU ID: Criticism of my side feels like a personal insult
  • EU ID: Feel connected when meeting supporters of same side
  • EU ID: interested in what other people think
  • EU ID: Lot in common with supporters of my side
  • EU ID: Praise of my side makes me feel good
  • EU ID: say we instead of they
  • EU referendum identity
  • EU referendum turnout (earliest recorded)
  • EU referendum vote (earliest recorded)
  • European identity scale
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Brexit Party
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Conservatives
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Greens
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Labour
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Liberal Democrats
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): Plaid Cymru
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): self
  • European Integration scale (1990s version): SNP
  • Financial situation of your household
  • Gender
  • General economic retrospective evaluation: country
  • General economic situation in this country
  • General Election turnout 2015 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election turnout 2017 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election vote 2015 (earliest recorded)
  • General Election vote 2017 (earliest recorded)
  • General election vote intention (recalled vote in post-election waves)
  • Green Party contacted by email
  • Green Party contacted by letter/leaflet
  • Green Party contacted by SMS
  • Green Party contacted by telephone
  • Green Party contacted in other ways
  • Green Party contacted in street
  • Green Party Contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Green Party visited home
  • Green: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Greens look after people in London
  • Greens look after people in your local area
  • Greens look after people who didn't go to university or college
  • Greens look after people who went to university or college
  • Greens look after retired people
  • Greens look after young people
  • Gross household income
  • Gross personal income
  • Hackney Mayor: first choice (post)
  • Hackney Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Has someone you personally know died as a result of coronavirus?
  • Have you received any coronavirus vaccine?
  • Have you worked in a paid job in the past?
  • How badly were you affected by coronavirus?
  • How many employees did your parent have?
  • How many of the people in your household are under 18?
  • How many people worked for your parent's employer?
  • How much difference would you say spiritual beliefs make to your life?
  • How much impact on Britain's economy? Brexit
  • How much impact on Britain's economy? COVID pandemic
  • How much impact on Britain's economy? Global economy
  • How much impact on Britain's economy? Invasion of Ukraine
  • How much impact on Britain's economy? UK government
  • How much money could family member give you for a major purchase such as a hous
  • How well do you think that the job you chose in the previous question describes
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the coronavirus outbreak?
  • How well has the UK Govt handled the invasion of Ukraine?
  • How well would a Labour Govt have handled the coronavirus outbreak?
  • How well would a Labour Govt have handled the invasion of Ukraine?
  • I am interested in what other people think about this party.
  • I could not come up with £300 right now
  • I have a lot in common with other supporters of this party.
  • If there were another referendum on EU membership, how do you think you would v
  • Immigration bad or good for economy
  • In last two weeks, not able to buy: Essential food items that you need on a reg
  • In last two weeks, not able to buy: Everything I need has been available
  • In last two weeks, not able to buy: Fuel
  • In last two weeks, not able to buy: Medicine
  • In last two weeks, not able to buy: Other
  • In last two weeks, not able to buy: Other food items
  • In what year did you first own a home?
  • Independent contacted by email
  • Independent contacted by leaflet/letter
  • Independent contacted by Social Media
  • Independent contacted by telephone
  • Independent contacted by visit to home
  • Independent contacted in other way
  • Independent contacted in street
  • Integrity: Johnson
  • Integrity: Starmer
  • Interview Start Time
  • Is your name on the electoral register?
  • It doesn't matter which political party is in power
  • It is often difficult for me to understand what is going on in government and po
  • Job chose in previous Q describes what you do?
  • Keep submarines with nuclear weapons
  • Labour contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Labour look after black/asian
  • Labour look after men
  • Labour look after middle class
  • Labour look after people in London
  • Labour look after people in your local area
  • Labour look after people who didn't go to university or college
  • Labour look after people who went to university or college
  • Labour look after retired people
  • Labour look after unemployed
  • Labour look after White British people
  • Labour look after women
  • Labour look after working class
  • Labour look after young people
  • Labour united or divided
  • Labour: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Left-right scale
  • Left-right value: Big business takes advantage of ordinary poeple Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: Government should redistribute incomes Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: Management will always try to get the better of employees
  • Left-right value: Ordinary working people do not get their fair share Waves 7-9
  • Left-right value: There is one law for the rich and one for the poor Waves 7-9
  • Left/right position: Brexit Party
  • Left/right position: Conservative
  • Left/right position: Greens
  • Left/right position: Labour
  • Left/right position: Lib Dems
  • Left/right position: Plaid Cymru
  • Left/right position: Self
  • Left/right position: SNP
  • Lewisham Mayor: first choice (post)
  • Lewisham Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Lib Dems contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Lib Dems look after people in London
  • Lib Dems look after people in your local area
  • Lib Dems look after people who didn't go to university or college
  • Lib Dems look after people who went to university or college
  • Lib Dems look after retired people
  • Lib Dems look after young people
  • Lib Dems: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Lib-Auth value: Censoring necessary to uphold moral standards Waves 7-9
  • Lib-Auth value: For some crimes, death penalty most appropriate sentence Waves
  • Life anxious scale
  • Life happy scale
  • Life satisfaction scale
  • Life worthwhile scale
  • Like/dislike Brexit Party
  • Like/dislike Ed Davey
  • Like/dislike Keir Starmer
  • Like/dislike: Adam Price
  • Like/dislike: Adrian Ramsay
  • Like/dislike: Boris Johnson
  • Like/dislike: Carla Denyer
  • Like/dislike: Conservatives
  • Like/dislike: Green Party
  • Like/dislike: Labour
  • Like/dislike: Liberal Democrats
  • Like/dislike: Lorna Slater
  • Like/dislike: Patrick Harvie
  • Like/dislike: Plaid Cymru
  • Like/dislike: Richard Tice
  • Like/dislike: Scottish National Party
  • Like/dislike: Sturgeon
  • Likelihood to vote in general election
  • Mayoral election turnout
  • MII (manually-coded/collapsed)
  • MII manual coding
  • National security spending
  • Needed to borrow money for groceries/bills/day-to-day items
  • Newham Mayor: first choice (post)
  • Newham Mayor: second choice (post)
  • NHS doing better or worse
  • No caring responsibilities
  • None of these
  • None of these parties contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Not worried at all | Very worried
  • NS-SEC social class analytic categories
  • Number of people in household
  • Opinion on necessity of deficit reduction in next 3 years
  • Other party contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Parent's education level
  • Parent's highest level of education
  • Parent's ns-sec analytic categories
  • Parent's ns-sec sub-categories
  • Party ID if no party to first ID question
  • Party identification
  • People in your local area
  • People who break the law should be given stiffer sentences
  • Personal economic retrospective evaluation: household
  • Plaid Cymru contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • Plaid Cymru: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Please pick the approximate value of your home:
  • Please pick the approximate value of your household savings:
  • Politicians don't care what people like me think
  • Probability of voting for Brexit Party
  • Probability of voting for Conservatives
  • Probability of voting for Green party
  • Probability of voting for Labour
  • Probability of voting for Liberal Democrats
  • Probability of voting for Plaid Cymru
  • Probability of voting for Scottish National Party
  • Put it on a credit card and pay it off over time
  • Rather trust wisdom of ordinary people than experts
  • Redistribution scale: Brexit Party
  • Redistribution scale: Conservatives
  • Redistribution scale: Greens
  • Redistribution scale: Labour
  • Redistribution scale: Liberal Democrats
  • Redistribution scale: Plaid Cymru
  • Redistribution scale: Self
  • Redistribution scale: SNP
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Conservatives
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Labour
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: Self
  • Reduce coronavirus infections/save economy scale: SNP
  • Reform UK look after people in London
  • Reform UK look after people in your local area
  • Reform UK look after people who didn't go to university or college
  • Reform UK look after people who went to university or college
  • Reform UK look after retired people
  • Reform UK look after young people
  • Region
  • Respondent belonging to any religion?
  • Respondent has leave to enter or remain in the UK
  • Respondent is a citizen of Malta or Cyprus
  • Respondent is an Irish citizen
  • Respondent's self-selected ethnicity
  • Respondent's work status
  • Satisfaction with English democracy
  • Satisfaction with Scottish democracy
  • Satisfaction with UK democracy
  • Satisfaction with Welsh democracy
  • Schools should teach children to obey authority
  • Scotland Q only: an independent Scotland would be able to rejoin the EU
  • Scotland Q only: Economic situation under independence
  • Scotland Q only: I would be better off if Scotland independent
  • Scotland Q only: Independence referendum vote intention
  • Scotland Q only: Scottish identity scale
  • ScotRef Identification
  • ScotRefID: Criticism of my side feels like a personal insult
  • ScotRefID: Feel connected when meeting supporters of same side
  • ScotRefID: interested in what other people think
  • ScotRefID: Lot in common with supporters of my side
  • ScotRefID: Praise of my side makes me feel good
  • ScotRefID: say we instead of they
  • Scottish Constituency Vote 2011
  • Scottish Constituency Vote 2016
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 1st
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 2nd
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 3rd
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 4th
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 5th
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 6th
  • Scottish local elections vote: party ranked 7th
  • Scottish referendum turnout (earliest recorded)
  • Scottish referendum vote (earliest recorded)
  • Scottish Regional Vote 2011
  • Scottish Regional Vote 2016
  • Self: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Sell something
  • SNP contacted by email
  • SNP contacted by letter/leaflet
  • SNP contacted by social media
  • SNP contacted by telephone
  • SNP contacted in other ways
  • SNP contacted in street
  • SNP contacted you in last 4 weeks
  • SNP united or divided
  • SNP visited home
  • SNP: Allow more or fewer immigrants
  • Social Grade
  • South Yorkshire Mayor: first choice (post)
  • South Yorkshire Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Strength of party identification
  • Subjective social class
  • Subjective social class (squeeze)
  • Suspect anyone else you are close to has had coronavirus?
  • Suspect close family members have had coronavirus?
  • Suspect you have had coronavirus?
  • Take out a loan
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Conservatives
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Labour
  • Tax-spend tradeoff: Self
  • The coronavirus crisis getting better or worse
  • The parties held at Downing Street during lockdown make me very angry
  • The SNP look after people who didn't go to university or college
  • The SNP look after people who went to university or college
  • The SNP look after retired people
  • The SNP look after young people
  • There will be times when you don't have enough money to cover your day to day li
  • To be considered a success in life, a person needs to own their own home by the
  • Tower Hamlets Mayor: first choice (post)
  • Tower Hamlets Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Trust MPs in general
  • Type of Organisation Current/Most Recent Job?
  • Use savings / current account
  • Wales Q only: Independence referendum vote intention
  • Wales Q only: Welsh identity scale
  • Was your parent an employee or self-employed?
  • Watford Mayor: first choice (post)
  • Watford Mayor: second choice (post)
  • Weight variable for the GB sample as a whole (Everyone who took wave 2)
  • Welsh Constituency Vote 2016
  • Welsh Regional Vote 2016
  • What about the local elections on the same day? Did you manage to vote in your l
  • What is the highest educational or work-related qualification you have?
  • What is your current marital or relationship status?
  • What kind of organisation do you work for?
  • What type of organisation did your parent work in?
  • When I meet someone who supports this party, I feel connected with this person.
  • When I speak about this party, I usually say "we" instead of "they".
  • When people criticize this party, it feels like a personal insult.
  • When people praise this party, it makes me feel good.
  • Which daily newspaper do you read most often?
  • Which of the following best describes your sexuality?
  • Which of these applies to your home?
  • Which party did you vote for in the local elections?
  • Will the inheritance be a major change to your financial circumstances?
  • Working status
  • You will be out of a job and looking for work
  • Young people today don't have enough respect for traditional British values
 Additional information