Skip to main content


Financial Literacy and Attitudes Towards Immigration


By Dr George Panos and Prof Robert E. Wright. Financial literacy is the ability to use knowledge and skills to effectively manage financial resources at a personal-level. It is more than numeracy—“being good with numbers”—although numeracy is important in its own right. It includes for…

Subjective v objective changes in personal finances


By Dr Chris Hanretty Like most elections, this election will be fought on the basis of the economy. The Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats will argue that the economy is growing. Labour will argue that living standards are stagnant or declining. As a result, many…

BES data updates


The BES team is releasing updated versions of the panel (v1.2), wave 1 (v3.4), wave 2 (v2.4) and wave 3 (v1.2) datasets. This is a minor update that makes a number of small improvements and fixes some errors. The updated datasets are replacing the previous…